The potential demand for car sharing in the Netherlands
Last Updated: 10-2020
Today’s population deals with various trends and challenges. These trends force the population to rethink personal vehicle ownership and use. Car sharing is one of the alternatives mentioned as an alternative for personal vehicle ownership. Individuals are able to satisfy their need for mobility without owning a car by sharing a vehicle. The willingness to use car-sharing and the potential number of shared car trips are not clear. In addition, it is not clear in which types of trips the transportation mode is likely to be replaced by a shared car, and how the potential demand is distributed in the Netherlands. The research provides insights into the willingness to use car sharing, the types of trips in which the transportation mode is likely to be replaced by a shared car, and the distribution of the potential demand in the Netherlands. Mixed logit models are specified and estimated based on stated choice data. Next, the models are applied to ODiN mobility data. By applying the models, the probability that a respondent would choose a shared car for a trip is calculated. After applying the models, it is researched in which types of trips the transportation mode is likely to be replaced by a shared car. The distribution of the potential demand for car sharing is plotted on maps. In the mixed logit models are included, a constant, price of the car-sharing system, if the shared car should be returned to the pick-up location, walking distance to the location where the shared car is offered, the age of the respondent, educational level of the respondent, car ownership of the respondent, gender, and trip mode. The car-sharing system that will be used to calculate the potential demand for car-sharing costs € 0.3 per kilometer, the shared car should be returned to the pick-up location, and the shared car is located within a 5-minute walking distance. It was found that in trips to follow education, public transport trips, long-distance trips, trips departing from an urban municipality, and trips with multiple trip legs the transportation mode is likely to be replaced by a shared car. Finally, the maps show that, as stated before, major urban municipalities seem to have a relatively high potential for shared cars.